Wednesday, February 29, 2012
Once again, the bar exam results is upon us.
And as in yesteryears, the announcement has been welcomed with overwhelming exuberance for the passers, and harrowing anguish for future retakers. Truly, it gives us pause to realize that, every year, like clockwork, the heartbreaks always outnumber the winners 3:1. At least.
To all the passers, I give them my jealous admiration. What they've done is no mean feat.
That split-second moment of seeing your name in the roll of new lawyers is the glorious capstone of years of life-threatening study: the nightly palpitations preparing for orals, the drums of coffee directly IV'd to comatose brains, the thoughts of quitting law school and taking up culinary arts and then lurking at the parking lot with new Wolfgang Puck knives and waiting for the prof to come around. . .well, all that's a distant memory now.
Making the bar, passing the most difficult and the most unpredictable pieces of paper in all of literature, is the sweetest form of justice!
Congratulations once again! You guys are part of history -- the first passers of the recently reformed bar examinations!
Speaking of the new bar format, let me share a few thoughts.
As a bar ops regular, I have always been intrigued by the changes that were made in the exams -- especially as it relates to the topnotchers.
Lest I be holed in the arena of sour-graping, let me pay my utmost respect and admiration to this year's stellar performers. Without any doubt, they rock! I am in awe of their brilliance and have never doubted their efforts in preparing for the exams.
But I can't help but asked: In light of the changes in bar exams, how would future bar topnotchers compare to those of the past?
As we know, topping the bar means a lifetime of accolades. He/She shall join the ranks of great men & women and forever be enshrined in the annals of Wikipedia. They will join the list of names like Marcos, Diokno, Salonga and Munoz-Palma.
But because the type of test inevitably determines its topnotchers, I can't help but wonder: Are we discovering a different breed of brilliance -- different from those who hurdled the essay questions of the past?
I guess the Psychology undergrad in me is interested to see, if the reformed bar will chug out markedly different kind of topnotchers, from those of the past.
Moreover, how would the future topnotchers of the new bar format fare in the practice of the profession, a world where MCQ's don't rule the day? Again, this is just a question I'm throwing out there and I realize it's too early to even ask -- when the celebrations haven't even died down.
It remains to be seen.
But as for me, the next months would only be about 3 things: REVIEW, REVIEW, REVIEW!
Diana Lutgarda P. Bonilla, Entry #11
Nagkaroon ng girian sa Senate Impeachment Court sina Senator-Judge Miriam Defensor Santiago at Private Prosecutor Vitaliano Aguirre matapos na takpan ni Aguirre ang kanyang dalawang tenga dahil sa diumano’y masakit na raw ang mga ito gawa ng panenermon, pangmamaliit at pagmumura ng senadora sa mga miyembro ng prosekusyon.
Nagsimula ang lahat ng punahin ni Senator-Judge Jinggoy Estrada ang pagtakip ng tenga ni Aguirre habang sinesermunan ni Santiago ang prosekusyon dulot sa ginawa nitong pag-iwan sa 5 articles of impeachment laban sa Punong Mahistrado ng Korte Suprema.
“Iyan ay kabastusan sa isang miyembro ng hukom na ito,” ayon kay Estrada.
“Alam n’yo totoo po iyon sapagkat nasasaktan na ang tenga ko!” sagot agad ni Aguirre.
Dahil dito ay agad na tumayo si Santiago na hiniling na ipa-contempt si Aguirre dahil sa kawalan ng respeto nito sa kanya. Patuloy na nangatwiran si Aguirre na siyang nagbigay-daan upang lalong magalit si Santiago.
Ayon kay Aguire, sinadya niya ang pagtatakip ng tenga dahil sa naiirita na siya sa boses ni Santiago, bukod sa nawawalan na sila ng dignidad sa ginagawa ng senator-judge.
“Ang kuwan ko lamang po ay dapat po lamang na kahit na ang mga senador ay mga judges at kami ay mga hamak na prosecutor dito, ang pinakaimportante sa isang tao ay respeto. Kung nagde-demand ka ng respeto, dapat respetuhin mo rin itong mga abugadong ito sapagkat ‘yung human dignity wala pong katulad iyan,” pagdidiin ni Aguirre.
Sariling opinyon ko lang – kung gusto mong respetuhin ka ng kapwa mo, matuto ka ring rumespeto ng ibang tao. Simple lang naman di ba? Kung magpapakita ka ng kabutihan o kasamaan sa kapwa mo, ganoon din naman ang ibabalik nila sa iyo. Maaari namang pintasan ang prosekusyon base sa propesyunal na aspekto o lebel – ang kahandaan, kagalingan, kasipagan at/o kakayahan ng mga ito bilang miyembro ng prosekusyon. Karapatan iyon bilang isang senator-judge. Hindi inaalis ang pribilehiyong makapagbigay ng saloobin o opinyon sa kalagayan ng paglilitis – maaaring ukol sa mabagal na pag-usad ng paglilitis o di kaya ang kawalan ng preparasyon o kahusayan ng mga abogado.
Ngunit, ibang usapin naman kung gagamit ng mga salitang hindi wasto at nararapat, gaya ng pagbibtiw ng katagang "Ang yayabang magsasalita ng ganyan, gago naman." Sa tingin ko, hindi rin naman tama kung imbes ang kritisismo ay manatili lamang sa propesyunal na aspekto, aapakan pati pagkatao o dignidad ng isang tao.
Ang pagkakaroon ng mataas at mahalagang posisyon sa lipunan ay hindi nangangahulugang may lisensya ang isang nilalang na gawin anuman ang kanyang naisin at pabayaan na lang.
Kung gusto mong respetuhin ka ng kapwa mo, matuto ka ring rumespeto ng ibang tao. Respect begets respect. Period.
Sabi nila hindi raw magaling ang prosekusyon. HIndi handa. Walang ibubuga. Wala rin daw binatbat kumpara sa mga abogado ni CJ Corona. Kinakailangan raw mag-aral uli.
Sa pakiwari ko, may punto naman sila. Kailangan ngang mas magpakita ng gilas ang prosekusyon para hindi sila lamunin ng buhay ng mga nasa depensa. Ngunit, naniniwala rin ako na kung nangangailangang balikan ng prosekusyon ang kanilang Evidence class, mas higit na nangangailangang balikan ni Senador Santiago ang kanyang Legal Ethics class. Idagdag na niya ang pagbabasa ng Juan De la Cruz vs. Carretas (A.M. No. RTJ-07-2043).
Angeli I. Serapio, Entry # 11
Possibly there’s nothing broader as broadband. Corny.
In the Philippines, it is conceivable that many understand the term ‘broadband’ in relation to Internet access and connectivity. It is understandable as well that a lot of Filipinos who hear ‘broadband’ are reminded of the botched ZTE-NBN Deal during the administration of former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. The government then attempted to jumpstart the creation of a national broadband network to increase the speed, efficiency and adaptability of government service. A worthy cause turned out to be an exercise on how not to enter into a contract for a national broadband infrastructure.
Pause however. What is broadband anyway?
In the arena of technology, broadband is “made up of a series of technology modules--transmission lines, modems, routers--that when aggregated create the high-speed communications connectivity that end users experience.”* Generally, broadband is “infrastructure for both transportation of bits and communications (of people), of conveying content (information), and establishing relationships (interactivity).”** However, Internet or Internet access is NOT THE SAME with broadband. Broadband is only the infrastructure or gateway to access the Internet. NEITHER is it only a mode or medium for the delivery of content or information NOR is it demanded by everyone.
It may be asked, why do developed countries (like South Korea and Japan) invest huge amounts of resources in the formation of a national broadband system?
In simple words, the answer lies in what broadband brings to the table. Access to broadband equals the creation of universal opportunities and positive externalities.*** A country with a national broadband infrastructure enables its citizens to utilize the vast network that is the Internet in advancing in the different aspects of their life, from education to socialization to economic prosperity. The benefits of a seemingly inconsequential act through the Internet is multiplied a hundredfold through the presence of a broadband system, thereby encouraging many others to ‘chime’ in the system.
Filipinos must first understand why a national broadband infrastructure is necessary for national progress. It is not enough for the government to harp on the technological aspect of broadband access for all. Commitment to such an immense project can only be nurtured if Filipinos possess at least an elementary understanding of the dynamics behind broadband. The ZTE-NBN deal was supposedly wrapped in clandestine negotiations, and indeed, that spelled doom from a political and legal standpoint. But any contract in pursuit of a national broadband policy must ensure at the outset that Filipinos are made aware of the real nature of broadband technology.
Broadband. More fun in the Philippines?
*Richard S. Whitt, Evolving Broadband Policy: Taking Adaptive Stances to Foster Optimal Internet Platforms, 17 COMMLAW CONSPECTUS 417, 427 (2009).
**Id., at p. 429.
***See Robert D. Atkinson, Framing a National Broadband Policy, 16 COMMLAW CONSPECTUS 145, 152-155 (2007). An externality can be understood as occurring when the positive or negative consequences of the conduct of an individual inadvertently spill over into the conduct of another individual.
Aldan S. Avila, Entry No. 11
Tuesday, February 28, 2012
"We must also remember that the tourists we can potentially attract will redound to thousands of employment opportunities; our success here will ultimately breed success for Filipinos everywhere"
Does the Fifth Amendment protect encrypted hard drives? Depends whether you're in the Mile High City or South Beach
In the Colorado case, the police had intercepted a telephone conversation in which the defendant, Ramona Fricosu, acknowledged her ownership of the laptop and alluded to the existence of incriminating documents in the encrypted portions of the hard drive. The government successfully argued that this precluded her from claiming Fifth Amendment protection, since she had already acknowledged the existence of incriminating documents in the case. The Tenth Circuit affirmed the lower court's decision Wednesday citing previous cases where courts have held that when the government already knows of the existence of specific incriminating files, compelling a suspect to produce them does not violate the Fifth Amendment's rule against self-incrimination.
In the Florida case, on the other hand, the government lacked any specific evidence about the contents of the encrypted hard drives owned by an accused child pornographer, identified only as John Doe. A forensic expert acknowledged it was theoretically possible that the drives, which were encrypted using TrueCrypt, could be completely empty. Hence, forcing the suspect to decrypt the drive would be forcing him to reveal whether any relevant documents exist, which would be inherently incriminating. The Eleventh Circuit reversed the lower court’s decision to hold Doe in contempt and ruled that forcing him to decrypt the drives would be unlawful. Relying on US v. Hubbell, it held that if the government merely suspects that an encrypted hard drive contains some incriminating documents, but lacks independent evidence for the existence of specific documents, then the owner of the hard drive is entitled to invoke the Fifth Amendment.
Francis Paolo Tiopianco, Entry #11
Saturday, February 25, 2012
“Para kay Senator Miriam, parang binasura niya ang anak ko… bakit mababa ang tingin niya sa anak ko? Si Manny, sinusunod lang ang utos ng Diyos.”
"Bakit hindi ka (Ruffa) lumalaban kay Kris? Sino ba siya? Alam mo, Pia, hindi maganda ang ginagawa ni Kris kay Ruffa. Hindi pa nga nananalo si Noynoy as presidente, ang yabang-yabang na niya. What more pa kaya kung mananalo si Noynoy?"
Thursday, February 23, 2012
The media is also known to not only wait around for stories, but also sometimes, all but manufacture them. The incident of Christopher Lao going through a flood is one example. The media were waiting on the other end with cameras rolling just waiting for someone to not think things through and just go for it. Bystanders, seeing the chance to be on TV, of course, would rather have played the part of the action hero, pushing a stranded car to safety, rather than be a real good samaritan and warn of the flood.
Now, the standards of journalism are going down yet again. I read my news online because it's convenient. I don't have to set aside a specific time to watch the news. I get to take news from several sources at once and compare the differences in bias and whatnot. I usually get international news from the larger, recognized news outfits. However, whenever I read articles for local news, I have to limit myself to the standard GMA, ABS, Inquirer and Philstar. Hence, I have to expose myself to "news" articles like this: http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/lifestyle/02/17/12/whos-prettiest-cj-trial.
Wow, really? As a warm-blooded male, I can appreciate that people would fall for the beautiful products of our proud College. What I don't understand, however, is that ABS seems to be propagating it as much. First of all, when did Twitter become a real source of information? Its contents are not representative of what a general public thinks, as only individual quotes are taken. Worst of all, ABS shoots itself in the foot and kicks itself in the balls for manufacturing this hashtag, trending frenzy by saying that "The beauty pageant has not really caught on—as of posting time, there have been less than ten people tweeting using hashtags #TeamJimeno, #TeamPilares and #TeamJimenez.."
So what's the point? Nothing. What's the source? Nothing. What's being reported? Nothing but the fact that someone assigned to cover the impeachment got so bored that he just spent his time with wandering eyes and checking his Twitter, and decided to get a paycheck out of it.
In 2011, the Philippines, with a $110,000 grant from the Asian Development Bank , e-trikes were manufactured. These e-trikes were of two different types: one containing a 3 kWh battery pack, and the other a 6 kWh battery pack. The models featuring the 3 kWh battery pack can travel between 40 to 50 km on one charge and can be 80 percent recharged at "fast" charging stations during the day in under 30 minutes. The models featuring the 6 kWh battery pack can travel up to 100 km on a single overnight charge. That's two round trips of EDSA. As of January 2012, the only electric tricycles operating under the e-Trike Project of the ADB and the Philippine Department of Energy are the 20 units running on pilot in Mandaluyong City.
Both vehicles have the same basic features. They run on electricity. Because they run on electricity, they do not emit carbon. These electronic vehicles both claim higher driving efficiency. Charging electronic vehicles costs lesser than fueling up with petroleum. Drivers and passenger of both vehicles attest to the speed, acceleration and comfort of driving or riding an electronic vehicle.
Electronic vehicles are dubbed as the future of driving. This is not far from reality. There is a great need to find alternative solutions to the fast depleting oil reserves in the world, and the exponentially worsening air pollution. With these electronic vehicles, we can finally do away with petroleum dependency. We can, and should, be able to utilize the abundance of sun in the Philippines, a thought which most of us have been acquainted with since I-do-not-remember when. With electronic vehicles, we can curb air pollution.
The path has already been laid out for electronic vehicles. We have jumpstarted. I think we just need a little more push, a little more attention, and a little more budget, and we can get to our destination with these electronic vehicles.
I dabble in website construction and design. My first website was a personal one, and it was powered by Yahoo! Geocities (now defunct). The code was pretty basic; nonetheless, I was proud of what I had accomplished. My next encounter with building code was the year LiveJournal became popular amongst teens and college students. Though LiveJournal was a website in itself, hosting personal blogs, the makers of the same allowed its users some freedom in manipulating code for the purpose of personalization. Fast forward to less than two years ago, I found myself building a website for an international not-for-profit organization: the Asian Society for Labor Law. I did not want to make use of a template, so I had to build the website from scratch, pushing my knowledge of code to limits I never thought I was capable of reaching and surpassing.
Building code is hard enough. I did not realize at the time I was making the site that code was just the tip of the iceberg. Since the organization I was designing and building the site for was law-oriented, I had to make sure that the elements I used for the site--pictures, text, etc.--were either licensed or released for use by their respective makers or owners. The process of asking for permission was a painful one because I had to e-mail the people concerned individually and pray to god that they find the time to reply to some poor sap's supplications. One day, I was about to lose it because the website was still lacking many elements--mostly images--and my deadline was just around the corner. As expected, many of those I e-mailed either did not reply or did not allow me to use their work on the website. I was this close to pulling hair off my head. As I rambled on about my bad luck, a friend of mine, a professional web designer, chanced upon me. It was through him that I learned of "creative commons."
Creative commons provided the solution to my copyright-related problems. I found out that there are many copyrighted works online that are licensed through creative commons. Its infrastructure consists of "a set of copyright licenses and tools [that allow] x x x individual creators to large companies and institutions a simple, standardized way to keep their copyright while allowing certain uses of their work--a 'some rights reserved' approach to copyright--which makes their creative, educational, and scientific content instantly more compatible with the full potential of the [I]nternet." Its main goal is universal access without doing harm to copyright law.
Creative commons has many licenses to choose from. What they are shall be the topic of my next blog entry.
Note: This is Part 1 of a two-part series. Part 2 will be posted next week.--Jan Nicklaus S. Bunag, Entry No. 10
Malamang ito ang mga katagang naibulalas ng isang ama sa estado ng Minneapolis, sa Estados Unidos.
Ang kuwento:* Galit na pumunta at nagreklamo ang amang ito sa isa sa mga pamilihang pag-aari ng Target Corporation, isa sa malalaking kumpanya ng retailing sa Amerika. Inireklamo niya ang pagpapadala ng mga produkto ng Target sa kanyang anak na babae. Ang mga produktong ito ay kataka-takang mga gamit na nararapat sa mga babaeng nagdadalang-tao. Sa huli ay humingi ng kapatawaran ang ama sa nagawang pagkilos. Iyon pala, buntis pala talaga ang kanyang anak na babae.
Paano nalaman ng Target na buntis ang anak ng amang ito? Ang bawat mamimimili sa Target ay binibigyan ng kumpanya ng sarili nilang Guest ID. Sa pamamagitan nito, ang impormasyon sa bawat pagbili ng produkto ng isang mamimimili o sa kahit anong transaksyon sa kumpanya ay naitatago ng Guest ID. Nagkataon na ang anak na babae ng bidang ama sa kuwento ay napadalas ang pagbili ng mga produktong madalas ginagamit ng isang buntis. Naging madali para sa mga computer at mga analyst sa Target mahulaan na buntis ang partikular na mamimimiling ito, kaya naman madalas na padalhan ng Target ang babae ng mga produktong tugma sa kasalukuyan niyang kalagayan ng pagbubuntis.
Sa Amerika, sa modernong panahong ngayon, ito ang bagong mukha sa pakikipagrelasyon ng isang indibidwal sa mga malalaking korporasyon. Sa pamamagitan ng mga impormasyong ibinabahagi ng mga Amerikano sa Internet, ang mga korporasyon ay maaaring magsaliksik sa mga iba’t ibang hilig at kilos ng iba’t ibang Amerikano at iakma ang programa o produkto nila sa kanila.
Ang tanong, maaari bang magdesisyon ang isang indibidwal na hindi maging bahagi ng ganitong relasyon?
Tingnan natin sa Pilipinong perspektibo. Halimbawa ang paborito mong sari-sari store o tindahan ay may Guest ID. Mahal ng mga Pilipino ang tindahan dahil praktikal mamili rito, mabilis na, malapit pa. Pero maaaring dahil sa Guest ID ay mas lalo pang lumawak ang maaabot na impluwensya ng tindahan sa buhay ng mamimimiling Pilipino. Maaaring gamitin ng tindahan ang mga personal na impormasyon makukuha nila upang lalong maging mas personal ang kanilang serbisyo sa kanilang mga paboritong parokyano. Posibleng hindi magustuhan ito ng mga mamimimili sapagkat sensitibo na ang pinakikialaman ng mga tindahan. Kung aayaw naman sila makipagtransaksyon sa mga tindahan, mawawala ang inaasam nilang praktikalidad sa pagbili. Sa huli, ang pagpipilian ay ang proteksyon laban sa pagsuway sa mga pribadong pag-aari, o kaya naman ay pagtanggap na lang ng makabagong pagbabago para hindi mawala ang nakagisnang bilis ng pamumuhay.
Darating ang panahon mas alam na ng tindahan umiibig ka na pala kaysa sa iyo. Tingnan mo nga naman!
Aldan S. Avila, Entry No. 10
Four years from now, we shall witness this spectacle again in Rio de Janeiro. But did you know, the selection for the host country in 2020 is already ongoing?
A total of five cities are competing to host the 2020 Olympics: Istanbul (Turkey), Tokyo (Japan), Baku (Azerbaijan), Doha (Qatar), and Madrid (Spain).
This is Istanbul's 5th bid. In its last bid, which was for the 2012 Olympics, it was never chosen as a candidate. Should it win, this will be the first time it will ever host the Olympics.
Tokyo hosted the Olympics in 1964. This is also their 5th bid in the Games. Last year, Tokyo lost to Rio. If selected to host the 2020 Olympics, Tokyo would become the fourth city to host the Summer Olympics two times and Japan would have hosted the Olympics four times.
Baku bid for the 2016 Olympics but was not chosen as an official candidate. Should it win, this will be the first time it will ever host the Olympics.
Doha had a bid to host the 2016 Olympics but it failed to even become a candidate. One of the reasons the International Olympic Committee rejected its bid is Doha’s insistence to hold the games in October instead of August, as it is the cooler weather in the area.
Lastly, Madrid is set to bid again this year, after losing two consecutive bids in the past. Last year’s bid was so close but unfortunately, it lost to Rio in the final round of voting. If it gets to host the 2020 Games, it will be the second Olympics for Spain.
The official announcement of winners will be on 23 May 2012. Let's all wait and see. Who is your bet?
Angeli I. Serapio, Entry # 10
Apparently, potentially millions of dollars. In Shanghai, China, Apple Inc. is engaged in a heated legal battle with a small Chinese electronics outfit.
Shenzen Proview Technology claims that Apple Inc. has no right to use the product name iPad in mainland China. On the other hand, Apple claims that the rights to the iPad name has been sold to it (Apple) by Shenzen Proview's affiliate way back in 2009.
Disputes over trademarks, trade names or product names are commonplace in today's global economy. It has become much easier to spot small mom-and-pop companies half way around the world marketing products bearing the same name as the big boys in the West.
In the case of Shenzen Proview, they used to market a product which they call an "Internet Personal Access Device" or IPAD. Although it hasn't manufactured the product in years, it still claims that Apple cannot market the popular iPad using such a name.
Given that Shenzen Proview is in deep financial trouble, I guess there is no harm in trying to squeeze a couple of million dollars from a multi-billion dollar corporation. Unfortunately for them, the Shanghai court saw through their ruse and threw out the trademark violation case. According to the court, there was no law or regulation which prohibited Apple from selling the iPad in China. Better luck next time, guys!
Norman Roland E. Ocana III, Entry #8
Adrian Francis S. Bustos, Entry #10